Liberalism is a political and social theory that fundamentally emphasizes the individual values of freedom and equality. For liberals, every individual has innate human rights. The government has a duty to respect such rights and must act primarily to resolve disputes when the interests of individuals clash. According to liberal political philosophy, society and government must protect and promote individual freedom, instead of imposing constraints; plurality and diversity must be encouraged and society must be equal and fair in the distribution of opportunities and resources. Liberalism is, therefore, an individualistic theory, as it understands that the individual has priority over the collective.
It is represented in the third and fourth quadrant of the political spectrum.
Scarafoni, V. (2021). Estimating Political Spectrum with Machine Learning. Dan Scarafoni. Retrieved 24 May 2021, from https://scarafoni.wordpress.com/2016/03/19/estimating-political-spectrum-with-machine-learning/.
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Liberalismo – Filosofia política e econômica. InfoEscola. (2021). Retrieved 24 May 2021, from https://www.infoescola.com/filosofia/liberalismo/.