Liberalism is a political and social theory that fundamentally emphasizes the individual values ​​of freedom and equality. For liberals, every individual has innate human rights. The government has a duty to respect such rights and must act primarily to resolve disputes when the interests of individuals clash. According to liberal political philosophy, society and government must protect and promote individual freedom, instead of imposing constraints; plurality and diversity must be encouraged and society must be equal and fair in the distribution of opportunities and resources. Liberalism is, therefore, an individualistic theory, as it understands that the individual has priority over the collective.

It is represented in the third and fourth quadrant of the political spectrum.

Photo reference:

[1]Scarafoni, V. (2021). Estimating Political Spectrum with Machine Learning. Dan Scarafoni. Retrieved 24 May 2021, from

You can search for more detailed information at:

[2]Liberalismo – Filosofia política e econômica. InfoEscola. (2021). Retrieved 24 May 2021, from

2 thoughts on “Liberalism

  1. crisbento 24 de May de 2021 / 13:41

    I understood what is liberalism. But what distinguishes the most left libertarians from right libertarians?

    Liked by 1 person

    • Ana Maia 24 de May de 2021 / 13:48

      Left libertarians believe that we need a heavier tax burden to balance inequalities by redistributing income, on the other hand right libertarians think that we need less taxes to develop the country social and economic status by maintaining more money in people’s hand.

      Liked by 1 person

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s