Principle of blind submission to authority, as opposed to individual freedom of thought and action. In government, authoritarianism denotes any political system that concentrates power in the hands of a leader or a small elite that is not constitutionally responsible to the body of the people. Authoritarian leaders often exercise power arbitrarily and without regard to existing bodies of law, and they usually cannot be replaced by citizens choosing freely among various competitors in elections. The freedom to create opposition political parties or other alternative political groupings with which to compete for power with the ruling group is either limited or nonexistent in authoritarian regimes.
It is represented in the first and second quadrant of the political spectrum.
Scarafoni, V. (2021). Estimating Political Spectrum with Machine Learning. Dan Scarafoni. Retrieved 24 May 2021, from https://scarafoni.wordpress.com/2016/03/19/estimating-political-spectrum-with-machine-learning/.
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authoritarianism | Definition & Facts. Encyclopedia Britannica. (2021). Retrieved 24 May 2021, from https://www.britannica.com/topic/authoritarianism